hp server how to delete the raid and use one disk as the drive

press F8 all the time and will see one screen,

and exit it,

and then you will see 2nd screen

Accessing the RAID setup on an HP Proliant DL380 G7

When the HP Proliant DL380 G7 boots up the BIOS options are F9 for Setup, F11 for the boot disk menu, but neither other these take you to the RAID setup. When the screen appears showing the F9 and F11 options, press F8 every second or so, and you’ll first get the ILO configuration. Exit ILO, and next you’ll get the RAID configuration. Found this mentioned in this post on the HP forums here.

ILO settings:

After exiting ILO you get the RAID controller options:

RAID settings:

The dataskq is causing a high load: 100% cpu

The dataskq is causing a high load: 100% cpu Last Modified: Oct 10, 2011, 4:13 pm
If you’re noticing your system load is on the rise, as you can see that the “dataskq” binary is running at the top of the list (in “top”), this guide will help you debug what it’s doing.

1) Check:
/var/log/directadmin/system.log

to see if the tally is being run.  If Users continue to be added to the log (the logs is doing something), then it’s likely just the nightly tally, which is normal (assuming the log continues to grow and isn’t just stuck on one User)

2) The first thing to do, is to simply ask the dataskq what it’s up to.  To do this, type:

killall -USR1 dataskq
tail -n 10 /var/log/directadmin/errortaskq.log

What this will do is dump the running dataskq’s current process location to the errortaskq.log.  What that log output says will determine what to do next.

3) If the output makes reference to Maildir along with a path, then what it likely means is that the mentioned path contains an over-sized inbox.  Check that inbox and delete the messages, if the email user doesn’t seem to be deleting them.

4) If the output makes reference to brute_force or some related file, then the cause is likely the dataskq chewing on the system logs with many entries.
– First ensure you’re using the latest version of DirectAdmin

– check:

cd /usr/local/directadmin/data/admin
ls -la brute_force*

We’re checking for a large “brute_log_entries.list” file.  If it seems to be “large” (say, over a meg in size), then that can slow things down.  You can safely delete “brute_log_entries.list”, as it’s not part of the Brute Force Monitor’s (BFM’s) counting.. it’s only for your own purposes, showing you what each attack was.  DA will re-create this file automatically.

– if the brute_log_entries.list contiues to grow and you’d like it to keep itself smaller, go to:
Admin Level -> Admin Settings

and lower the value for:
Clear failed login attempts from log X days after entry was made.

to something around 2 days.
Also, increasing the values for:
Notify Admins after an IP has X login failures on any account.
Notify Admins after a User has X login failures from any IP.

will reduce the number of entries made into the brute_log_entries.list

how to scale up your business

Assuming that you’ve successfully started a startup. Scalability is the ability of a startup to grow. Or, to put it more precisely, a scalable business can adapt to a larger workload without compromising performance or losing revenue. Can your business with $0 in annual revenue grow to a million dollar company?

If it’s scalable, then yes.

But not every business is poised to make it big. Some startups get off the ground without the right systems, people, or mindset in place. Trying to grow such businesses is like trying to inflate a tractor tire with a bicycle pump.

Here’s how you can prepare your startup to scale up.

1. Get the basics down.

Before you even worry about scaling your startup, make sure your fundamentals are fool proof. According to the StartupGenom’s survey of 3200+ startups, 74% of failures can be explained by premature scaling. So make sure you’re covered for the following:

  1. Make sure your core product line reaches “market fit”. You can make gradual improvements through product iterations based on user feedback and data.
  2. Find out your largest core users.
  3. Find out the marketing channels with the biggest ROI and scaling potential by testing with smaller budgets first.
  4. Make sure you have the resources to scale. Seek additional round of funding if necessary. You can’t worry about profitability while scaling, and the last thing you want is to run out of money.

Note: Even though these practices are software-centric, they also apply to physical products. So if you started an e-commerce site, make sure you take the time to get the basics right before scaling.

2. Automate Everything.

If you’re spending a long time “setting up” your business, then good for you.

  • Setting up cloud storage and organization…
  • Setting up training processes for new hires…
  • Setting up marketing automation…
  • Setting up payroll for rapid processing…
  • Setting up billpay for automatic withdrawals…

Even though it takes a long time on the front end, this activity will pay for itself in the long term. You’ll be able to access data faster, hire faster, market better, pay easier, and streamline operations for a truly scalable model.

3. Boost marketing.

How can a business scale if no one knows about it?

Focus on marketing, and scalability will follow. But not every form of marketing is scalable. According to Forbes “direct marketing is…not scalable” and “word-of-mouth does not scale.”

Content marketing, on the other hand, is one of the most scalable growth methods. Content marketing has evergreen value and viral potential, making it the growth-hack method of choice for most startups.

4. Outsource non-essentials.

For big corporations, the name of the game is “in-house.” They’ve got in-house graphic designers, developers, conversion optimizers, SEOs, CPAs, lawyers, and even janitors.

Startups can’t afford that luxury, and if you want to be strong enough to grow, you’ll need to outsource all non-essential roles.

Your graphic design firm doesn’t need a law department. Your SEO consulting firm doesn’t require a full-time PowerPoint designer. You just need to focus on what you’re good at.

This lean approach is what allows a startup to break into the big time. When you’re nailing it with your core competencies, you’ll start to scale up.

5. Keep an eye on social media.

Every new startup is in the public eye. Whatever happens on social media will be examined by the world.

It’s important in your startup days to watch your social media carefully. Fledgling startups can’t afford to take a major PR hit with a social media flap. Big companies might be able to weather the storm, but your startup isn’t ready for it.

Scalability is about surviving, as much as it is about growing. If you hit a PR fiasco, you’re limiting your chance of survival and scalability.

6. Excuse yourself.

Your business is not about you.

In order to be truly scalable, your business should be able to function just fine without you. The way you put that into place is by deliberately shifting responsibility off your shoulders, or into the oversight of someone else. In addition, you should take deliberate absences so you can force the business and personnel to be independent.

It may be a little bit humbling to come back from a four-week vacation and discover that the business is thriving without your being there. But this can actually be encouraging, too.

Your business is making money while you sleep, relax, or build something else.

You’ve proven to yourself and to your employees that the business isn’t tied to your presence or even your existence. You feel liberated. They feel empowered. The business is ready to grow.

7. Hire the right people (and only the right people).

A business is scalable, only when it has the right people on board.

First, though, you have to hire only the people that are necessary to the operation. (See “outsource” below.)

Here are some of the key characteristics of a team member who will help you scale:

  • They can do what a program can’t. If you have a human doing something that a machine can do, then you’re wasting human effort. A startup needs to automate everything that it can in order to maximize the output of human team members.
  • They are full of good ideas. You can’t put a dollar price on the value of a good idea. A single lightbulb moment on the part of one employee can more than pay for that employee.
  • They have more than one skill. In the startup environment, one person might have to do three jobs. Hire people with a multifaceted skill set, or skills that can be transferred from one task to another.

Final thoughts.

Scalability is a mindset, too. Sure, you need to have the right systems and processes, people, and plans.

But you also need to think big to become big. Having a scalable business means that you are free to unleash your dreams, make a lot of money, and have fun doing it. Once you get your mind in the game, scalability becomes way easier.

What have you done to create a scalable business?

magento导出数据文件CSV中文乱码问题解决

magento导出数据文件CSV中文乱码问题解决

magento大部分数据可以导出CSV的格式的数据,但Magento导出的CSV默认编码为UTF-8并且没有BOM头,Excel打开带中文的UTF-8编码的CSV时,因为没有BOM头,默认显示为GBK编码所以中文会显示成乱码。

解决这个问题的方法有两种:

方法一:

在导出的过程中将编码转成GBK再输出,对字符串转编码可以使用ICONV函数,MagenTo里可以参考添加这个方法:
文件:app/code/core/Mage/Adminhtml/Block/Widget/Grid.php

protected function d_encodeUTF8($array){

foreach($array as $key=>$value){

$array[$key] = !is_array($value)?iconv(“UTF-8″,”GBK”,$value):$this->d_encodeUTF8($array[$key]);

}

return $array;

}

然后在_getExportHeaders()里的return $row前添加:

$row = $this->d_encodeUTF8($row);

方法二:

为输出的UTF8编码CSV文件添加BOM头
将文件:app/code/core/Mage/Adminhtml/Block/Widget/Grid.php里的

protected function _getExportHeaders(){

}

方法 换成

protected function _getExportHeaders()
{
$row = array();
foreach ($this->_columns as $column) {
if (!$column->getIsSystem()) {
$row[] = “\xEF\xBB\xBF”.$column->getExportHeader();
}
}
return $row;
}

update cwp mysql database

 

http://forum.centos-webpanel.com/mysql/how-to-update-mysql-from-5-1-to-5-6/

 

Hope this might help –

1) Create full database backup (In case mysql server break we have backup to restore).

Code: [Select]

mysqldump –events –all-databases | gzip > /home/alldatabases.sql.gz

2) Install Remi repo.

Code: [Select]

cd /etc/yum.repos.d
wget http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi.repo

3) Now upgrade MySQL Server.

Code: [Select]

yum –enablerepo=remi update mysql-server
sudo mysql_upgrade

4) Restart MySQL Server.

Code: [Select]

service mysqld restart

If you want to do a fresh install of MySQL Server.

Code: [Select]

yum –enablerepo=remi install mysql-server

You are done with upgrading.

全面解读华为的股权激励策略:二十多年跌宕起伏

华为公司内部股权计划始于1990年即华为成立三年之时,至今已实施了4次大型的股权激励计划。本文梳理了华为公司二十多年来跌宕起伏、令人艳羡的股权激励历程,并分析了其取得成功的原因和带来的启示。

1

  创业期股票激励

创业期的华为一方面由于市场拓展和规模扩大需要大量资金,另一方面为了打压竞争者需要大量科研投入,加上当时民营企业的性质,出现了融资困难。 因此,华为优先选择内部融资。内部融资不需要支付利息,存在较低的财务困境风险,不需要向外部股东支付较高的回报率,同时可以激发员工努力工作。

1990年,华为第一次提出内部融资、员工持股的概念。当时参股的价格为每股10元,以税后利润的15%作为股权分红。那时,华为员工的薪酬由 工资、奖金和股票分红组成,这三部分数量几乎相当。其中股票是在员工进入公司一年以后,依据员工的职位、季度绩效、任职资格状况等因素进行派发,一般用员 工的年度奖金购买。如果新员工的年度奖金不够派发的股票额,公司帮助员工获得银行贷款购买股权。

华为采取这种方式融资,一方面减少了公司现金流风险,另一方面增强了员工的归属感,稳住了创业团队。也就是在这个阶段,华为完成了“农村包围城 市”的战略任务,1995年销售收益达到15亿人民币,1998年将市场拓展到中国主要城市,2000年在瑞典首都斯德哥尔摩设立研发中心,海外市场销售 额达到1亿美元。

 网络经济泡沫时期的股权激励

2000年网络经济泡沫时期,IT业受到毁灭性影响,融资出现空前困难。2001年底,由于受到网络经济泡沫的影响,华为迎来发展历史上的第一个冬天,此时华为开始实行名为“虚拟受限股”的期权改革。

虚拟股票是指公司授予激励对象一种虚拟的股票,激励对象可以据此享受一定数量的分红权和股价升值权,但是没有所有权,没有表决权,不能转让和出售,在离开企业时自动失效。虚拟股票的发行维护了华为公司管理层对企业的控制能力,不至于导致一系列的管理问题。

华为公司还实施了一系列新的股权激励政策:

(1)新员工不再派发长期不变一元一股的股票;

(2)老员工的股票也逐渐转化为期股;

(3)以后员工从期权中获得收益的大头不再是固定的分红,而是期股所对应的公司净资产的增值部分。

期权比股票的方式更为合理,华为规定根据公司的评价体系,员工获得一定额度的期权,期权的行使期限为4年,每年兑现额度为1/4,即假设某人在 2001年获得100万股,当年股价为1元/每股,其在2002后逐年可选择四种方式行使期权:兑现差价(假设2002年股价上升为2元,则可获利25 万)、以1元/每股的价格购买股票、留滞以后兑现、放弃(即什么都不做)。从固定股票分红向“虚拟受限股”的改革是华为激励机制从“普惠”原则向“重点激 励”的转变。下调应届毕业生底薪,拉开员工之间的收入差距即是此种转变的反映。

 非典时期的自愿降薪运动

2003年,尚未挺过泡沫经济的华为又遭受SRAS的重创,出口市场受到影响,同时和思科之间存在的产权官司直接影响华为的全球市场。华为内部以运动的形式号召公司中层以上员工自愿提交“降薪申请”,同时进一步实施管理层收购,稳住员工队伍,共同渡过难关。

2003年的这次配股与华为以前每年例行的配股方式有三个明显差别:一是配股额度很大,平均接近员工已有股票的总和;二是兑现方式不同,往年积 累的配股即使不离开公司也可以选择每年按一定比例兑现,一般员工每年兑现的比例最大不超过个人总股本的1/4,对于持股股份较多的核心员工每年可以兑现的 比例则不超过1/10;三是股权向核心层倾斜,即骨干员工获得配股额度大大超过普通员工。

此次配股规定了一个3年的锁定期,3年内不允许兑现,如果员工在3年之内离开公司的话则所配的股票无效。华为同时也为员工购买虚拟股权采取了一 些配套的措施:员工本人只需要拿出所需资金的15%,其余部分由公司出面,以银行贷款的方式解决。自此改革之后,华为实现了销售业绩和净利润的突飞猛涨。

 新一轮经济危机时期的激励措施

2008年,由于美国次贷危机引发的全球经济危机给世界经济发展造成重大损失。

面对本次经济危机的冲击和经济形势的恶化,华为又推出新一轮的股权激励措施。2008年12月,华为推出“配股”公告,此次配股的股票价格为每股4.04元,年利率逾6%,涉及范围几乎包括了所有在华为工作时间一年以上的员工。

由于这次配股属于“饱和配股”,即不同工作级别匹配不同的持股量,比如级别为13级的员工,持股上限为2万股,14级为5万股。大部分在华为总 部的老员工,由于持股已达到其级别持股量的上限,并没有参与这次配股。之前有业内人士估计,华为的内部股在2006年时约有20亿股。

按照上述规模预计,此次的配股规模在16亿~17亿股,因此是对华为内部员工持股结构的一次大规模改造。这次的配股方式与以往类似,如果员工没有足够的资金实力直接用现金向公司购买股票,华为以公司名义向银行提供担保,帮助员工购买公司股份。

华为公司的股权激励历程说明,股权激励可以将员工的人力资本与企业的未来发展紧密联系起来,形成一个良性的循环体系。员工获得股权,参与公司分红,实现公司发展和员工个人财富的增值,同时与股权激励同步的内部融资,可以增加公司的资本比例,缓冲公司现金流紧张的局面。

  华为股权激励取得成功的原因?

 一、双向晋升通道保证员工的发展空间

技术和管理属于两个领域,一个人往往不能同时成为管理和技术专业人才,但是两个职位工资待遇的差别,会直接影响科研技术人员的努力程度。为了解决了这一困境,华为设计了任职资格双向晋升通道。

新员工首先从基层业务人员做起,然后上升为骨干,员工可以根据自己的喜好,选择管理人员或者技术专家作为自己未来的职业发展道路。在达到高级职 称之前,基层管理者和核心骨干之间,中层管理者与专家之间的工资相同,同时两个职位之间还可以相互转换。而到了高级管理者和资深专家的职位时,管理者的职 位和专家的职位不能改变,管理者的发展方向是职业经理人,而资深专家的职业是专业技术人员。

华为的任职双向通道考虑到员工个人的发展偏好,给予了员工更多的选择机会,同时将技术职能和管理职能平等考虑,帮助员工成长。除了任职资格双向 晋升通道外,华为公司对新进员工都配备一位导师,在工作上和生活上给予关心和指导。当员工成为管理骨干时,还将配备一位有经验的导师给予指导。

华为完善的职业发展通道和为员工量身打造的导师制度能够有效地帮助员工成长,减少了优秀员工的离职率。

 二、重视人力资本价值 稀释大股东比例

股权激励并非万能,当股权激励的力度不够大时,股权激励的效果也相当有限。华为公司刚开始所进行的股权激励是偏向于核心的中高层技术和管理人员,而随着公司规模的扩大,华为有意识地稀释大股东的股权,扩大员工的持股范围和持股比例,增加员工对公司的责任感。

华为对人力资本的尊重还体现在华为基本法中。该法指出:“我们认为,劳动、知识、企业家和资本创造了公司的全部价值”;“我们是用转化为资本这 种形式,使劳动、知识以及企业家的管理和风险的累积贡献得到体现和报偿;利用股权的安排,形成公司的中坚力量和保持对公司的有效控制,使公司可持续成 长。”,这说明股权激励是员工利用人力资本参与分红的政策之一。

华为重视人力资本还体现在对研发的投资上。华为每年都将销售收入的10%投入到科研中,这高出国内高科技企业科研投资平均数的一倍多。在资源的分配上,华为认为管理的任务就是使最优秀的人拥有充分的职权和必要的资源去实现分派给他们的任务。

  三、有差别的薪酬体系

通过薪酬体系来达到激励的目的首先要设立有差别的薪酬体系。华为通过股权激励,不仅使华为成为大部分员工的公司,同时也拉开了员工工资收入水平的差距。随着近几年华为的发展,分红的比例有了大幅上升,分红对员工收入的影响因子达30%以上,这对员工而言很具有激励性。

股权激励除了薪酬结构需要有激励性,还需要绩效考察具有公平性。华为公司在对员工进行绩效考核上采取定期考察、实时更新员工工资的措施,员工不 需要担心自己的努力没有被管理层发现,只要努力工作就行。华为的这种措施保证了科研人员比较单纯的竞争环境,有利于员工的发展。华为股权分配的依据是:可 持续性贡献,突出才能、品德和所承担的风险。股权分配向核心层和中坚层倾斜,同时要求股权机构保持动态合理性。

在保持绩效考核合理性的同时,为了减少或防止办公室政治,华为公司对领导的考察上也从三维角度进行,即领导个人业绩、上级领导的看法以及领导与 同级和下级员工的关系。领导正式上任前要通过六个月的员工考核,业绩好只代表工资高,并不意味着会被提升。这样的领导晋升机制从道德角度和利益角度约束了 领导的个人权利,更加体现了对下级员工意见的尊重。

  四、未来可观的前景

股权激励不是空谈股权,能在未来实现发展和进行分红是股权激励能否成功实施的关键。在行业内华为公司领先的行业地位和稳定的销售收入成为其内部 股权激励实施的经济保证。根据Informa的咨询报告,华为在移动设备市场领域排名全球第三。华为的产品和解决方案已经应用于全球100多个国家,服务 全球运营商前50强中的36家。2008年很多通讯行业业绩下滑,而华为实现合同销售额233亿美元,同比增长46%,其中75%的销售额来自国际市场。

华为过去现金分红和资产增值是促使员工毫不犹豫购买华为股权的因素之一。据了解,随着华为的快速扩张,华为内部股近几年来实现了大幅升值。 2002年,华为公布的当年虚拟受限股执行价为每股净资产2.62元,2003年为2.74元,到2006年每股净资产达到3.94元,2008年该数字 已经进一步提高为4.04元。员工的年收益率达到了25%~50%。如此高的股票分红也是员工愿意购买华为股权的重要原因。

  带来的启示?

华为作为通讯行业的领头企业之一,其特有的狼性文化和任正非的个人魅力是其他企业难以复制的。但是,我们仍可以从华为股权激励中获得一些启示:

  一、重视人力资本,积极实施股权激励

对于一些掌握核心技术的员工,如果没有股权激励等措施,员工可能会根据自身掌握的技术自主创业,或者跳槽到竞争对手那里获得更高的收益。那么企业不仅面临着人才流失的影响,也面临着市场份额丢失的风险。

但是,股权激励也不是任何时候都对员工有吸引力,如果员工对企业的管理水平并不满意或者对企业前景感到悲观,股权激励对员工来说更多的是一种风 险。所以企业应该持续改进自己的管理水平,在盈利和发展都可观的时候,及时进行股权激励,让员工共担风险也共享利润,提升企业的战斗力,实现跳跃式发展。 对于一些盈利模式较好,发展迅速的企业而言,实施股权激励,有利于稳住员工,增加竞争优势。

但是对于一些未来前景很好,只是目前经营状况并不明朗的公司而言,大股东让出一部分股权给核心员工,可以增加核心员工的凝聚力和激发员工的潜能。

  二、要保证员工的职业发展空间

对于一些刚创业的企业而言,应根据企业的特点和对技术人员的依赖性合理地设计技术人员和管理人员的工资。对一些技术依赖性比较高的公司而言,华 为的任职资格双向晋升通道保证员工的发展空间是很好的选择。中国南车通过学习华为的任职资格双向晋升通道后,合理地解决了技术人员想转做管理人员的问题, 同时也使得企业的人才结构更加稳定。

  三、危机时期开股 留住核心 开拓市场

在经济危机时期,很多企业的人才流失并非是裁员,而是当员工预期企业未来的业绩不好时,主动选择离职,以便有更多的机会寻找更好的工作。那么, 对员工进行股权激励,一方面增加了员工的主人翁意识,另外一方面也有利于减少员工的流失率。同时股权激励是建立在未来盈利水平上的一种激励模式,公司不仅 要实施股权激励,也要积极开拓市场,增加市场份额,以保证公司未来广阔的发展空间和稳定的现金流。

 四、弱化管理职能部门的权利

对于高科技企业而言,管理部门如果太多干涉科研部门,势必造成科研人才的不满,影响员工工作心情。合理定位管理部门的职责,一定程度地弱化管理 者的权利,开发通畅的沟通渠道,有利于企业内部的竞争环境。弱化管理部门职能的另外一个功能就是有利于绩效考核的公平性。办公室政治是人力资源管理中最头 疼的问题,缺乏监督的绩效考核不利于发展来良性的办公室文化。华为公司对干部提升的三维考核和六个月的考察对于现有的高科技企业来说,是值得学习的。(文 章来源:公众号凌云微)

how top add additional ip to centos cwp panel

How to add additional IP address on CentOS servers.

Create file: /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:0

DEVICE="eth0:0"
BOOTPROTO=static
ONBOOT=yes
TYPE="Ethernet"
IPADDR=80.80.25.25
#HWADDR=00:0C:29:28:4C:4C
#GATEWAY=80.80.25.1
NETMASK=255.255.255.0

do this for each additional IP address, you only need to increase virtual interface number by one for each additional IP.
Like eg. eth0:1, eth0:2, eth0:3 …

**if you don’t have HWADDR then delete that line.

Restart Network

service network restart

Check all IP’s configured on the server

ifconfig

How to obtain a IP address or block of IP addresses

How to obtain a IP address or block of IP addresses

 

There are many reasons a person or company will need their own IP address block. An individual could need a static IP for business purposes but may not want to purchase a static from the ISP cause they know it’s not “their IP” for keeps. If you get an IP address or block of IP addresses assigned from your Regional Internet Registry you can keep that IP as you move from ISP to ISP, it’s your IP address! Assignments of IPv4 address space are made to end-user organizations (your business or personal use) for running internal networks, and not for sub-delegation of those addresses outside their organization. This mean you can’t let anyone else use the IP addresses your Regional Internet Registry assigns to you, it’s your own IP address block.

If you have redundant connections to the internet via different internet service providers you will need to contact your Regional Internet Registry to obtain a range of IP addresses. You can then have single or multiple IP ranges broadcast by your ISP as your IP block thus providing you with a multihomed solution. When multihoming takes place you can have one IP address used with two interfaces or ISP connections. With the use of a routing protocol, most commonly BGP, the end-site (your ISP) announces your assigned IP address space to its upstream links. When one of the links fails, the protocol notices this on both sides and traffic is not sent over the failed interface / link any more. You must obtain your own public IP address range or block of IP addresses in order to take advantage of multihoming.

If you need your own IP addresses for your business or otherwise you’ll need to contact one of the five Regional Internet Registries, RIRs.

  • American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN). The ARIN service region includes Canada, many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands, and the United States.
  • LACNIC’s geographical service area includes ARGENTINA, MEXICO, PERU, BRAZIL for a complete list please google LACNIC.
  • RIPE NCC’s geographical service area includes BULGARIA, FRANCE, GREECE, ITALY, for a complete list please google RIPE.
  • AfriNIC’s geographical service area includes ALGERIA, ETHIOPIA, LIBERIA, SUDAN for a complete list please google AfriNIC.
  • APNIC’s geographical service area includes AFGHANISTAN, AUSTRALIA, NEPAL, VIETNAM for a complete list please google APNIC.

We will explore the process of “how to get your own IP address” with ARIN. While I haven’t ever tried the other RIRs I’m sure the process is similar for the other Regional Internet Registries.

Step 1: Requirements
First thing you need to ask yourself is “do I meet the requirements necessary to obtain my own IP addresses”? This really isn’t hard to answer. If you truly plan to use the IP addresses it’s not hard to get them and keeping them is more of a reporting function that anything else. The four basic things you’ll have to do are:
provide data showing efficient utilization of all previous assignments (unless you don’t have previous assignments)
provide data demonstrating a 25% utilization rate of the requested block immediately upon assignment
provide data demonstrating a 50% utilization rate of the requested block within one year
provide verification your organization intends to multi-home using the requested block (a network diagram will suffice)

Step 2: Submit Request

The next two forms you’ll need to fill out to procure your IP address or IP addresses are the:

POC https://www.arin.net/resources/templates/poc.txt this is to Register a Point of Contact (POC) record in ARIN’s database.
Organization https://www.arin.net/resources/templates/org.txt this is to Register an Org ID in ARIN’s database.

Step 3: Verification
Okay now ARIN has the data and will make sure it’s all filled out right. So don’t waste time here.. it’s a simple double and triple check of the form. Make sure its filled out right before you submit your request to get IP addresses.

Step 4: Review Process
ARIN will respond to requests within two (2) business days. We may request additional information. For each question and response cycle, ARIN will respond within two (2) days. If you do not reply within ninety (90) days, the ticket will be closed. Just don’t get the forms wrong. Be sure to include all the needed information to obtain your IP addresses.

Step 5: Officer Certification
Prior to approval, ARIN will send an e-mail with all data received on the request to an officer of the company for certification.

Step 6: Request Approval
ARIN notifies the submitter of request approval, via e-mail. The approval is good for ninety (90) days. If your organization does not follow up on the approval within that time, you will need to resubmit your request.

Step 7: Fees & Registration Services Agreement
ARIN charges a one-time registration fee for each resource assignment, based on the size of the assignment. Double check this data but last time I checked here was the going rate for Initial IP Allocation Space Assignment

Size Category Fee (US Dollars) Block Size
X-small $1,250 smaller than /20
Small $2,250 /20 to /19
Medium $4,500 larger than /19, up to and including /16
Large $9,000 larger than /16, up to and including /14
X-large $18,000 larger than /14

For more details on this process please see ARINS website @ www.arin.net

 

Screen Shot 2016-04-14 at 10.08.48 PM

 

 

Screen Shot 2016-04-14 at 10.08.58 PM

ads online

http://www.trafficplusconversion.com/341/epic-list-of-traffic-sources/

 

—-

Green = top traffic source

PPC/Contextual

  1. Google Adwords – Search and Content network
  2. Bing/Yahoo – Search and Content Text/Contextual ads
  3. Miva – 2nd-tier Search PPC network
  4. 7Search – 2nd-tier Search PPC network
  5. LookSmart – self serve search/contextual text ads
  6. AdKnowledge – one stop shop for lots of types of ads. interesting.
  7. Affinity – search, parked pages, text ads – good 2nd tier inventory
  8. Marchex – PPC text ads on mainly tech related sites
  9. AdMarketplace – self serve text ads
  10. FindItQuick – text ads

Self-Serve Social

  1. Facebook Ads – Self Serve Ads on Facebook
  2. My Ads – Self Serve banners on Myspace & a host of Fox network sites
  3. POF Ads – Self Serve Ads on PlentyOfFish
  4. Reddit Ads – self serve direct ads on reddit.com
  5. LinkedIn Ads – good for B2B

PPV/CPV

  1. Traffic Vance – Great PPV network. Their only downside is that they don’t have alot of international inventory. Best interface in the business. $1k deposit
  2. Lead Impact – Another great PPV network. Formerly Zango. Has lots of international inventory. $200 deposit.
  3. AdOnNetwork – banners, contextual, search – self serve
  4. MediaTraffic – ppv ads
  5. Direct CPV – cpv, self serve popups
  6. Clicksor – banners/text ads/pop unders
  7. Adoori – ppv popups – self serve
  8. Findology – ppc/cpv

Self-Serve Media Buys & Ad Networks

  1. AdBlade – self serve display ads, very good service
  2. Advertising.com AdDesk from AOL – Self serve banners on AOL :)
  3. AdSonar – text ads on AOL. the text ad version of AOL AdDesk
  4. Pulse360 – ads on good high traffic inventory
  5. Sitescout.com – banners on high traffic sites
  6. AdReady – display ads/self serve banners on yahoo sites
  7. Yabuka – ads on good high traffic inventory. $1k deposit. similar to Pulse360
  8. AdToll.com – now owned by Clickbooth – banners/display/text ads.
  9. CBS Interactive – media buys on very high traffic CBS site inventory
  10. AdBuyer – media buying search/display exchange. great place to do retargeting campaigns
  11. Advertise.com – self serve text, search and display ads
  12. Traffiq.com – self serve banners, able to negotiate with tons of sites through an interface
  13. XA.net – Display/retargeting/facebook ad exchange
  14. OpenX Ad Marketplace – banner exchange on open x ad network
  15. Contextweb – banners/media buying exchange
  16. AdSide – self serve ppc contextual text ads
  17. Adbrite – self serve banners. Cheap place to test banners for CTR
  18. AdEngage – banners/text, similar to adbrite, allow weekly buys
  19. ZedoAdNetwork.com – Zedo self serve. No targeting options unless you talk to them
  20. TrafficTaxi.net – self serve banners/display/popunders – global
  21. AdPerium – torrent site traffic. display banners, self serve, similar to adbrite
  22. BuyAds.com – self-serve banners on many quality sites
  23. BuySellAds – self serve banners on a range of design blogs.
  24. BlogAds – banners/text ads on high traffic blog network.
  25. RealTechNetwork – Variety of formats, self serve platform
  26. Chitika – search related contextual display ads. $50k monthly minimum (lol)
  27. Adroll – self serve banners/site targeting. Does not allow affiliates

Media Buy Networks (non-self serve)

  1. Doubleclick – Media Buys with Google
  2. Advertising.com (also check this link) – display/banners, media buys on AOL
  3. Microsoft Ad Network – microsoft banner display/media buys
  4. Tribal Fusion – media buy banner network
  5. EngageBDR – media buys on high traffic inventory. $25k to start
  6. Rubicon Project – media buys, nice interface/inventory
  7. FOX Networks – banners on FOX properties
  8. Casale Media – self serve banners
  9. Right media (Yahoo) – self serve banner exchange
  10. CPXinteractive – banners/display, media buys
  11. ValueClick – banners, display/media buys
  12. Interclick – banners, high volume media buys
  13. Burst Media – banners/display/media buys
  14. Matomy Media – cpm banners on good inventory of sites
  15. AdJuggler – display/media buys
  16. AdFunky – Display/rich media, some high traffic inventory
  17. PremiumAccess.com – dashboard ads, the ones that pop up at the bottom of a webpage
  18. Xtend Media – banner/display media buys
  19. ReduxMedia – Display, media buys, some good blog inventory
  20. BannerConnect – media buys/banners, good european reach
  21. Glam Media – media buys, display, very good inventory for female demo
  22. Vibrant Media – inline contextual/rich ads, media buys
  23. Tremor Media – media buys, good range of new formats
  24. Traffic Marketplace – display/email ads, media buys
  25. Specific Media – banners/video display, media buys
  26. Undertone.com – premium banners/display/media buys
  27. Tatto Media – banners/display/media buys
  28. MediaWhiz – banners/display, media buys
  29. Z5x.net – display banners, media buys, large inventory
  30. Dsnrmg.com – display, media buys, unknown quantity/quality
  31. Collective.com – media buys, banners/display
  32. Adconian – video/banner ads, media buys
  33. Pubmatic – ad network. looks like only exchanges can sign up to them.
  34. Technorati Media – banners

In-Text Advertising

  1. Infolinks – self serve text inline contextual ads
  2. 50onRed – self serve text inline contextual ads
  3. InLinks – monthly fee inline contextual ads
  4. Admanage – Contextual, inline & display, pops, parking, decent volume
  5. Kontera – inline contextual text ads. Not self-serve
  6. AdMedia – self serve inline contextual text ads like kontera, also display ads
  7. Snap LinkAds– text/inline type ads
  8. Linkworth – Banners, inline, contextual, plenty of cheap inventory

Mobile Phone Ad Networks

  1. Admob – mobile ads, now owned by google
  2. MobClix – mobile ad exchange
  3. Jumptap – mobile ad network
  4. Admoda – mobile ad network
  5. Millenial Media – not self-serve
  6. GreyStripe – mobile ad network. not self-serve
  7. Inmobi – mobile ad network
  8. Mobclix – mobile ad exchange
  9. BuzzCity – mobile ad network
  10. Adfonic – mobile advertising
  11. Mobixell – mobile advertising

Retargeting

  1. AdBuyer – media buying search/display exchange. best place to start with retargeting. taps into Right Media and Doubleclick
  2. Retargeter – Retarget the ones who didn’t sign up first time
  3. FetchBack – Retarget the ones who didn’t sign up first time
  4. MyThings – Retarget the ones who didn’t sign up first time
  5. Criteo.com – Retargeting

Category (Gaming)

  1. Mochi Media – self serve in-game ads
  2. CPMStar – banners display aimed at gaming sites only
  3. Intergi – banners and static/video in-game adverts
  4. NeoEdge.com – static/video in game adverts
  5. Ad4Game – banners on gaming sites
  6. Ad2Games – online advertising for games
  7. Axifer – banners on Gamezer
  8. Game Advertising Online – large scale performance-focused advertising solution for online games

Category (Adult)

  1. Black Label Ads – Text & banners on adult inventory – adult version of adbrite
  2. AdExpansion – Display/banners on adult inventory
  3. EroAdvertising – Web & mobile display/banners on adult inventory
  4. TrafficJunky.net – adult self serve display/banners, good volume inventory
  5. JuicyAds – Display on adult inventory, flat rate buys per week/month
  6. Adult Ad World – CPM ads, text ads, pop-under, clicked traffic

Social Apps

  1. Appvert – Facebook apps ads, display
  2. TrianAds – failbook app ads, display
  3. TappJoy – socialmedia app ads and distribution
  4. Userplane – social media advertising for media buyers
  5. Cubics – social media ads
  6. Rock You Media – social media display ads

International

  1. Reseau Select – banner and offline targetted at quebec
  2. Canoe Klix – text ads on the canoe.ca network
  3. Adconian – display/media buys, good for Europe
  4. Hola Networks – media buys targeting hispanic demo only in USA
  5. Hi Media – display/media buys, mainly European traffic
  6. Ad2OneGroup – media buys on premium UK, Irish & Aus. sites + Ebay UK
  7. Pamoja Media – Adify powered, banners for African traffic
  8. SHE Network – Adify powered, target Swedish women
  9. Smowtion – display banners, most South American inventory
  10. Traffic Synergy AdRands – banners, South African traffic
  11. Adbid.se – premium network for online newspapers in Sweden. CPM, CPC and CPA/CPO. Does retargeting and has both banners and text ads.
  12. UTarget.co – UK display/rich media/video, owned by Fox
  13. Unanimis – display/video media buys, UK traffic
  14. Mirago – UK/French/German contextual/search ads
  15. HarrenMedia – Media buys, South American/Hispanic traffic
  16. Filiado – Media buys for Brazilian inventory
  17. ExoClick – Text/display on various inventory. Similar model to adbrite
  18. Aim4Media – Display media buys, European traffic
  19. Adverline – Media buys, good quality French/Euro inventory
  20. Accelerator Media – UK banners/media buys
  21. Specific Media – Media buys/display on UK/Euro premium inventory
  22. Global Interactive – Smaller scale banner/pop media buys
  23. Adtegrity – Media buys/display, high volume

Uncategorized

  1. Sitepoint Marketplace – small direct banner buys
  2. AdOptim – in-video, text and banner ads
  3. YuMe – in-video ads, media buys
  4. BrightRoll – Video Media Buying
  5. AdClickMedia.com – looks kind of like Bidvertiser
  6. Ezanga – cheap search/contextual/cpv/display
  7. AditAll – produce and run video ad campaigns
  8. Elephant Traffic – mispelled domain traffic auction
  9. Sponsored Tweets – sponsored twitter posts
  10. Izea – self serve sponsored tweets/blog posts
  11. Ad.ly – more twitter ads

List Brokers

  1. Arcamax – Amazing source for solo mailings to quality optin lists
  2. The SRDS – rent mailing lists. mainly for direct mail I think.
  3. NextMark – rent mailing lists. also mainly for direct mail I think.